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Analysis: What makes the perfect flyhalf?

OPINION: The latest in Alex Shaw‘s series looking at the make-up of the perfect rugby player shines a spotlight on the flyhalf position.


Regularly heralded as the most important player in a team, the flyhalf shoulders the burden of not only getting the backline to click and the scoreboard ticking over, but also ensuring his team are playing the game in the right areas of the pitch.

We have identified the five key skills that any flyhalf needs to excel in their role, as well as picking five current players who particularly display those attributes.

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As with the scrumhalves, passing is once again a key attribute as a flyhalf is required to facilitate most of the attacking play in a backline. They need a good range of passing accuracy and velocities in order to tailor their distribution to any situation, as well as the ability to maintain that accuracy when running at or near to top speed.


There is probably no flyhalf as comfortable with the ball in their hand as Scotland’s Finn Russell. The Racing 92 playmaker can manipulate defences with his array of passes and offloads, not to mention the feints and counter-feints he pulls off to move the defence and create the opportunities to hurt the opposition with his distribution.

From passing we move on to kicking, both at goal and from hand. The former speaks for itself, with any flyhalf capable of accurately accruing points from the tee adding plenty of value, while the ability to control territory by kicking the corners and finding space with the boot brings its own advantages, albeit less obviously as racking up points.

This is a point of difference for Wales’ Dan Biggar in his continuing battle with Gareth Anscombe for the 10 jersey. Not only is Biggar accurate kicking at goal, he is also able to chew off large sections of the pitch with his raking touch finders. His shorter kicking game from hand is also very effective, with his chip and chase game as good as any other proponent of it.

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Again mirroring the scrumhalf position, decision-making is another area in which flyhalves must also be incredibly adept. Making the split-second call on a pass can be the difference between an attacking try and a defensive intercept that goes all the way to a team’s own tryline. It comes with experience, but also correlates with the confidence that a player has in their ability to execute their own technical and physical skills.

There may be no one better in this regard than New Zealand’s Richie Mo’unga, with the 10 having prospered in this area for the Crusaders and the All Blacks. Mo’unga doesn’t necessarily have the physical or technical point of difference that some of his rivals at the position all over the globe have, making his unerring ability to make the right decision absolutely paramount to the success that he has had.

As rugby players have got bigger and faster, the boundaries of the pitch have not increased to compensate for it. As such, the ability of a flyhalf – most teams’ chief playmaker – to diagnose and subsequently execute where the space on the pitch is, can be the difference between victory and defeat. The execution can come in multiple forms but the vision to read the game and see where the space is appearing is key.

No one does this better than New Zealand’s Beauden Barrett. Although shifted to fullback of late to accommodate Mo’unga, the majority of Barrett’s difference-making displays in international rugby and for the Hurricanes in Super Rugby have come at 10. His feel for the flow of a game and awareness of where opportunity and space exist on the pitch is unmatched, and he then has the physical and technical skills to make sure he doesn’t let those opportunities go spurned.

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Last but not least, a flyhalf needs to be able to defend effectively on the pitch. Occasionally, weaker defensive flyhalves will be moved around on the pitch to hide that area of their game, but they are predominately stationed in a channel that powerful back rowers and centres will frequently run down, meaning they need to be on their toes in defence.

He flirts with legality in his tackles from time to time, but you will struggle to find a more adept and physical defender than England’s Owen Farrell at the position. He is one of the few fly-halves who can stay reasonably high in the tackle and live with the physicality that opposition ball-carriers will attempt to exert on him. As long as he wraps his arms, he’s the standard bearer at the position defensively.

Passing – Finn Russell

Kicking (goal and tactical) – Dan Biggar

Decision-making – Richie Mo’unga

Spatial awareness – Beauden Barrett

Defence – Owen Farrell

By Alex Shaw, RugbyPass


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